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The Revolutions of 1848 101: Introduction II, The Revolutions of 1830 and The Ideological Background


The revolutions of 1848 are a separate chapter in the study of modern and contemporary European history. The “Springtime of the Peoples,” as they are called by some historians, played a decisive role in the development of the historical events of the 19th century, the 20th century, and also the present. This is the main reason why this 101 series of articles, dedicated to these revolutions, came into being. Specifically, reference will be made to the cases of many European countries and regions, such as France, the German States, the Italian States, Denmark, the territories of the Habsburg Empire, Sweden, Poland, and so on.

The Revolutions of 1848 series consist of nine main articles:

- Introduction I, The Congress of Vienna and The Revolutions of 1820

- Introduction II, The Revolutions of 1830 and The Ideological Background

- The Italian States

- The February Revolution in France

- The German States

- Habsburg Monarchy

- The Cases of Denmark and Sweden

- The Polish Uprising

- Legacy

In the first introductory article to this 101 series, some causes of the revolutions of 1848 were identified at the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and the revolutions of 1820 were recognized as the first forerunner of those of 1848 (link here). In this introductory article, the revolutions of 1830 will be presented as another forerunner of those of 1848 and the catalytic influence of various ideologies, such as liberalism and nationalism, in the "Springtime of Nations" of 1848 will be analyzed. Specifically, the revolutions in France, Italy, and Poland and the role of "ideas" in the revolutionary movements of 1848 will be analysed.

The Revolutionary Wave of 1830 in Europe

The revolutions of 1830 were revolts against the conservative order of Europe, established at the Congress of Vienna in 1815, that were led by liberals, revolutionaries, and radicals in general in different parts of Europe from 1830 to 1832. The first one occurred in France and then other nations or states followed including Italy and Poland. Some of them were characterized as the “Romantic Nationalist Revolutions.

Paris, July 29, 1830. © 2016 Emerson Kent.
The July Revolution (1).

The revolutions started in France when King Charles X of France announced on July 26 four o