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The 4 Yugas of the Endless Time: Hinduism

Hinduism is a religion with many interpretations and is also the third-largest religion in the world. It is an Indian religion and Dharma, and it is followed by a 15-16% of the global population, who are called Hindus. India has 95% of the total followers of the religion. Hinduism is a diverse religion studied and researched by many well-known philosophers, cosmologists, astrologists, astronomers, and but not limited to historians. They state that it is the oldest religion. Many scholars also believe that Hinduism's customs and roots date back to more than 4000 years.

Many beliefs and philosophies connect within the religion; hence it has different descriptions such as "family of religions" or "way of life." The Hindus follow various deities, many believe that are the manifestations of the three Gods. In summary, there are three triads of Gods, also known as Trimurti (Sanskrit: three forms): Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva.

Knapp, S. (2021, Jan, 19). Timings of the Four Yugas [Illustration].

With this reference, Brahma is the God of the making of the Universe; Lord Vishnu is the one who looks after it and establishes Dharma; Lord Shiva is the one to bear the birth and death of the Universe and its matter. As per Hinduism, there are 4 Yugas into which the lifetime of the Universe is divided. It is believed that in every Yuga, Lord Vishnu takes Avatars in this world when there is a mishap between the understanding and performing of Dharma and establishing the same.

Now, to name the above mentioned 4 Yugas chronologically is as follows:

  1. Satya Yuga (first stage/age in time)

  2. Treta Yuga (second stage/age in time)

  3. Dvapara Yuga (third stage/age in time)

  4. Kali Yuga (fourth and the current stage/age in time)

The Yuga cycle (world ages) is the cycle on which the Universe revolves. As per the scholars, philosophers, and historians, the followers believe that the Universe is divided into four Yugas, namely as

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